Endangered Species Act

Posted By: |
EPA "May Affect" Pesticide List For Endangered Species
acephate methyl bromide
aldicarb naled
aluminum phosphide parathion
azinphos-methyl permethrin
bendiocarb phorate
brodifacoum pindone
bromadiolone potassium nitrate
bromethalin sodium cyanide
carbofuran sodium fluroacetate
chlorophacinone sodium nitrate
chlorpyrifos terbufos
diphacinone trifluralin
endosulfan vitamin D-3
fenthion warfarin
fenvalerate (and esfenvalerate) zinc phosphide
magnesium phosphide  

The objective of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is to protect endangered and threatened species. FIFRA requires that EPA take steps to prevent harm to these species from the use of pesticides.

In 1973, ESA was enacted “to provide protection for animal and plant species that are threatened or endangered of becoming extinct and to conserve the ecosystems upon which they depend.”

In 1988, ESA was amended to require that EPA work with the USDA and U.S. Department of the Interior to identify appropriate alternatives for implementing a labeling program. The goal of this program was to protect endangered species from pesticides while allowing agricultural production to continue.

EPA has continued to develop a workable endangered species program with input from all concerned parties. Individual state involvement will also play an important part in the program.

In September 1988, EPA requested that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) revise and expand biological opinions for selected pesticides. FWS provided EPA with the document: “U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Opinion on Selected Pesticides: Dated June 14, 1989, (Revised Sept. 14, 1989).” This document provides FWS biological opinions for both aquatic and terrestrial species for selected pesticides. It is available from the National Technical Information Service.

EPA proposed a revised Endangered Species Protection Program in July 1989. The program was designed to fulfill the following:

  • To achieve the best protection for listed species;
  • To be responsive to the needs of the agricultural production in this country by developing a program that could be readily implemented without unnecessary burden on pesticide users.

EPA believes that the goal of protecting listed species from pesticides can best be achieved by focusing on the listed species themselves.

Reducing the burden on pesticide users can best be met through the use of a threshold application rate approach. EPA will determine the threshold (lowest) application rate on the product label that “may affect” listed species.

EPA’s efforts will begin with the most vulnerable of the listed species. Those species will be ranked according to their status, vulnerability to pesticides, and other pertinent factors. The counties in which these ranked species are located, as well as pesticide sites, will be identified.

For application rates at or above the threshold application rate, EPA will initiate a formal consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). EPA will provide a notification 30 days prior to its consultation with FWS. Rates below the threshold application rate will not be part of the consultation request.

All indoor use products are exempt from the requirements of the Endangered Species Protection Program.

In March 1991, EPA published a notice in the Federal Register regarding its completed “may affect” determinations for 31 pesticides which was forwarded to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The pesticides for which determinations were made are shown in the table.

Topics: ,

Markets

Americas

EPA: 2,4-D, Glyphosate, Imidacloprid Among Pesticide Chemicals Not Endocrine Disruptors

Nearly three dozen pesticide chemicals tested by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for their potential to disrupt the endocrine system have been deemed

Crop Inputs

Eurofins Adds New Regulatory Group in Niefern

Eurofins Regulatory AG plans to add an Agro Team in Niefern to the already existing Agro Regulatory Group in Rheinfelden and

Americas

Valent BioSciences Chile to Merge with Pace International Chile

In a move that will strengthen customer service, trading capacity and geographic coverage, Pace International, a post-harvest solutions, technologies and services

Crop Inputs

Krish Biotech Research Private Limited Receives GLP Accreditation

Krish Biotech Research Private Limited (KBRPL) has earned the Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Compliance Certification from the National Good Laboratory

Americas

Valent Miticide Zeal SC Registered with Liquid Formulation

Valent U.S.A. Corp.’s Zeal SC miticide has been registered by the EPA with a new liquid formulation that allows for

Americas

Dow AgroSciences Expands Biotechnology Capabilities in Latin America

In an move that will boost its seed research in Latin America, Dow AgroSciences opened its largest biotechnology research center

monsanto roundup
Americas

Monsanto Profit Gets Boost from Scotts Partnership

Monsanto Co. posted higher-than-expected third-quarter earnings on the back of licensing payments for Roundup as part of its Scotts Miracle-Gro

Australia/South Pacific

BioConsortia Names Jacobs R&D Head in New Zealand

BioConsortia, Inc. is developing highly effective microbial solutions that enhance plant phenotypes and increase crop yields.

Americas

The Industry Reacts to the IARC’s Review of Crop Protection Products

Several companies and organizations around the crop protection industry have issued responses to the  International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC),

Crop Inputs

Bayer CropScience Streamlines Executive Responsibilities

Bernd Naaf appointed as head of “Business Affairs & Communications” / Dr. Mathias Kremer takes over “Strategy & Portfolio Management."

Americas

DuPont Pioneer Signs License Agrement for Genome-Editing Technology

DuPont Pioneer (DuPont) has licensed a technology from Vilnius University that will provide DuPont with intellectual property for all commercial uses, including

Flag of China
China

China’s Top 100 Companies and Top 10 Best Selling Local Pesticides in 2014

According to China’s National Bureau of Statistic, China produced 3.74 million tons of pesticide in 2014, reflecting growth of just 1.4% compared with the

Americas

Adama, Phytech Enter Precision Ag Collaboration

Pilot projects have already commenced in the U.S. and Brazil, with more expected to follow in the coming months.

Americas

Adama Fungicide Receives EPA Approval

Captan Gold 4L now registered in California.

Americas Summit

Global Values Exceed $66 Billion in 2014

By Drs. Bob Fairclough & Mirza Nomman Ahmed Kleffmann Group The global market for crop protection chemicals is worth more

Crop Inputs

Tamil Nadu Restricts Sale of Crop Protection Products

After the state of Kerala expressed concern about excessive pesticides use on farms in neighboring Tamil Nadu, the state agricultural department decided to

Adjuvants

Vive Crop Protection Fungicide Gets EPA Registration

Vive Crop Protection, Inc.'s azoxystrobin-based fungicide product uses Vive's proprietary Allosperse formulation technology.

China

Bayer Defends Patent Against Chinese Companies

Bayer CropScience has been working to prevent the counterfeiting of the active ingredient spirotetramat, which is used in Movento, the

Americas

Making Sense of Mergers

Syngenta might have rejected Monsanto’s bid to buy the company, but the industry is still primed for consolidation. The deals

Latest News

Industry News

Rotam Expands Chile Product Portfolio

Rotam Chile is expanding its market offer with the acquisition of 15 products registrations bought from a local company Mabruk.

Americas

EPA: 2,4-D, Glyphosate, Imidacloprid Among Pesticide Chemicals Not Endocrine Disruptors

Nearly three dozen pesticide chemicals tested by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for their potential to disrupt the endocrine system have been deemed

Crop Inputs

Eurofins Adds New Regulatory Group in Niefern

Eurofins Regulatory AG plans to add an Agro Team in Niefern to the already existing Agro Regulatory Group in Rheinfelden and

Americas

Valent BioSciences Chile to Merge with Pace International Chile

In a move that will strengthen customer service, trading capacity and geographic coverage, Pace International, a post-harvest solutions, technologies and services

Industry News

Dr. Jacqueline Applegate to Head Environmental Science at Bayer CropScience

Longtime Bayer Executive Dr. Jacqueline Applegate will become Head of Environmental Science, the non-agricultural business operations unit of Bayer CropScience.